QI (气)：Qi the body’s Vital energy: Western medicine places substantial emphasis on the physical structures of the body, which are made up of different organic and inorganic substances, proteins, tissues and cells. These substances form the physiological basis of a human. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), views the basis of a human quite differently. Instead of segregating the body into components with cells being the basic building blocks, the body is viewed as a whole unit, with connecting parts that work together to sustain life.
Human Qi comes from two main sources. The first source of Qi is inherited from our parents at conception. It is known as the “innate vital substance”. The second source is derived from essential substances in nature such as the air we breathe, food we eat and water we drink. Both the inherited and the acquired viral energies (Qi) are further process and transformed by the organs (kidney, spleen, stomach and lungs).
Yuan Qi (元气) (Parental Qi): Our parental or yuan qi is the qi that is inherited from our parents at conception. After conception occurs, parental qi is stored in the kidneys. Yuan Qi starts in between the two kidneys, passes through the tri-energiser (could this mean the triple burner???) and circulates through the whole body. It flows inward to Zang and Fu Organs and out to the muscles and skin.
YANG QI (阳气): YANG QI has warming action. Only through the warming action of qi can all Zang-Fu organs，meridians and other structures perform their normal functional activities, and can such liquid substances as blood and body fluid circulate normally. The insufficiency of yang-qi may impair the warming action of qi, causing an aversion to cold, cold limbs.
KIDNEY YANG (肾阳) : Kidney Yang, also called primordial yang, true yang or true fire, is the foundation of the Yang Qi of the whole body. It warms and promotes the functions of the organs and tissues.
Insufficiency of Qi and Blood (气血不足): It refers to “deficiency of vital energy (气虚)” and “Blood deficiency”. Deficiency of vital energy– generally refers to weakness, pale complexion, shortness of breath, weakness in limbs, dizziness, sweating when moving, low voice, etc. Blood deficiency- Refers to the pathological phenomenon of loss of internal yin and blood. May be caused by excessive blood loss, chronic illness of Yin and blood depletion, spleen and stomach dysfunction, and the inability of Mizutani to transform blood.
Blood (血): Blood is the liquid life force of the body, and its function is to nourish and moisten the whole body. The stomach and the spleen are essential organs in the production of blood and its healthy functions. Circulation is a prime function of Blood. When Blood is undersupplied, issues with anxiety, sleep deprivation, and irritability may surface.
Blood stasis（血瘀）: A slowing or pooling of the blood due to a disruption of heart qi, it is often understood in terms of hematological disorders such as hemorrhage, congestion, thrombosis or local ischemia (microclots), and in terms of tissue changes.
Promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis(活血化淤)： A method for treating blood stasis syndrome with a medicine that has a dissipative effect or can attack blood stasis in the body to unblock blood and dissipate stasis.
YING AND YANG (阴阳): In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the concept of Yin and Yang serves as the foundation for understanding health, as well as diagnosing and treating illnesses. The dual relationship of Ying and Yang demonstrates that everything in the universe exists as connected and complementary, yet opposite elements. In terms of the human body, Yin is associated with the lower parts of the body, while Yang is associated with the upper body and back. Given Yin and Yang’s interconnectivity, diseases are not seen as entities separate from the body, but instead are understood as states of Yin and Yang imbalance. If Yin and Yang can’t complement each other and become separated from each other, life will come to an end.
Zang Fu Organs Explained:
Zang fu organ theory differs from western medicine anatomy and physiology. Western medicine isolates organs with singular, specific functions. However, TCM organ theory is a holistic, although abstract system of human physiology. Every zang fu organ has an associated emotion, environment, body type, season, taste, smell, bodily tissue, bodily fluid, life stage, season, number, planet, grain, color, animal, as well as element. The important takeaway is that zang fu organ theory helps treat the patient as a whole, and therefore, can guide the patient to good health.
A person can only be healthy when there is harmony between the zang and fu organ systems. However, if there are imbalances, signs and symptoms that correspond with a zang or fu organ will be evident to the TCM practitioner.
|Reservoir for Qi energy, blood and body fluids||Influences the exterior of the body|